Browse Exhibits (7 total)

H-3 Litigation Finding Aid

Scope and Content

The H-3 Litigation Archive documents the legal debate surrounding the development of the H-3 Freeway that cuts through the Koʻolau mountain range on the island of Oʻahu.  The archive consists of litigation documents between plaintiffs Stop H-3 Association, Life of the Land and Hui Malama Aina o Ko’olau against defendants Elizabeth Dole, Secretary of the United States Department of Transportation, Ralph Segawa Hawai’i Division Engineer, Federal Highways Administration, and Ryokichi Higashionna, Director of the Department of Transportation of the State of Hawai’i, on the construction of the H-3 Freeway on O’ahu, Hawai’i.  Documents include injunctions, Transcripts, Orders and Memorandums.  The collection consists of two boxes, and the published book E Luku Wale e: Photos of the H-3 Construction/Destruction by Kapulani Landgraf and Mark Hamasaki.  


By Dennis Kawaharada


E Luku Wale e: Photos of the H-3 Construction/Destruction by Kapulani Landgraf and Mark Hamasaki.


  • 1967 – A plan to route the H-3 freeway through Moanalua Valley is approved.
  • 1970 – The Moanalua Gardens Foundation forms to oppose the H-3 plan through Moanalua Valley; public education about the cultural and historical significance of the valley ensues.
  • 1970 – The National Environmental Policy Act is passed in Congress requiring federally-funded projects to submit an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).  Environmental and cultural impacts of projects must be assessed and alternatives or mitigation measures are required to reduce those impacts. The Hawaii Department of Transportation contracts the Bishop Museum to complete an EIS.  The Bishop Museum finds “no significant archaeological sites” except the petroglyph boulders called “Pohaku ka Lua Hine,” or Grandmother’s Stone.  No archaeological study was undertaken on the Ko’olau Poko segment of the project. 
  • 1972 – Construction begins on the Halawa interchange, but opponents challenge the EIS conclusions.  The U.S. District Judge Samuel King is convinced to issue an injunction to halt further design and construction.
  • 1974 – Moanalua Valley is listed in the National Register of Historic Places because of the Pohaku ka Lua Hine.
  • 1976 – A 9th Circuit Court of Appeals decision rules that the State of Hawai’i ignored the historic importance of Moanalua Valley and that the Secretary of Transportation failed to consider alternative routes.
  • 1977 – The State surveys the Halawa valley routes and produces a supplemental EIS with the Bishop Museum. The study concludes that there were no significant cultural or historic sites.
  • 1978 – Stop H-3 Association raises that the Ko’olau Poko route runs 1.7 miles adjacent to a future recreational area called Ho’omaluhia Park.  The U.S. Department of Transportation Act requires environmental quality in recreational areas and that alternatives be found to mitigate damages.  Construction is stopped for another EIS.
  • 1980 – The EIS on the Ko’olau Poko route adjacent to Ho’omaluhia Park was submitted.  The Federal Freeway Administration allows construction to proceed.
  • 1982 – A second supplemental EIS is ordered to address concerns regarding Ko’olau Poko’s proximity to Ho’omaluhia Park.  But construction is allowed to continue in other areas. 
  • 1983 – Construction on the Halekou interchange is restarted.
  • 1984 – The injunction was reinstated because the environmental impact was not addressed. While the construction ceased for two years, state attorneys tried to rescind the injunction. Meanwhile, 15 additional archaeological sites were identified along the Ko’olau Poko route.
  • 1986 – Senator Daniel Inouye leads freeway supporters in Congress to push an H-3 exemption for the Transportation Act. Reagan signs the exemption into law.
  • 1987 – The final ruling allows the construction to go forward. In August of that year, the Federal Highways Administration, State Historic Preservation Office, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, with the concurrence of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs and State Transportation Department, signed a memorandum of agreement to mitigate adverse impacts of the H-3 on archaeological and cultural sites.
  • 1988 – As Archaeologist Earl Neller surveys the route of the H-3, he finds the remnants of a heiau. But upon further excavation, it is downplayed as “dry land agricultural terraces.” Neller is replaced.
  • 1989 – Two tunnels are blasted through the Ko’olau mountains. 
  • 1991 – Bishop Museum’s archaeological project director Scott Williams found that the sites identified by Earl Neller, and three other adjoining sites, formed an agricultural complex that included Kukuiokane, a heiau dedicated to to Kāne, the Hawaiian God of life giving water.  The State and OHA agree to preserve one of the three sites, identifying the agricultural complex, while burying the other two including Kukuiokane, beneath what is now the Kane’ohe interchange.  Other heiaus that were destroyed by the H-3 Freeway route were Hale o Papa, House of the Mother of Creation, and a neighboring luakini, an ali’i (chieftain’s) temple.


[1] This chronology is based on Dennis Kawarahada’s summary of the H-3 Freeway development history documented in E Luku Wale e: Photos of the H-3 Construction/Destruction by Kapulani Landgraf and Mark Hamasaki.  Kawarada, Dennis.  E Luku Wale e: Photos of the H-3 Construction/Destruction by Kapulani Landgraf and Mark Hamasaki. Accessed May 5, 2016.


Hawaii 1978 Constitutional Convention News clippings

Scope and Content

The item is a scrapbook of newspaper clippings of articles leading up to and covering the 1978 Hawaii Constitutional Convention (“Con Con”). Constitutional Conventions are conventions wherein publicly elected delegates convene to revise or rewrite the Constitution and reflect socio-political change and influence within the state’s fundamental laws. Hawaii’s third and last, to date, constitutional convention was held on July 5th, 1978; the convention was dubbed “the People’s Con Con” because there were more women in attendance as delegates and more racial and ethnic diversity amongst the delegates that people felt better represented Hawai’i’s diverse makeup (Id. at 309).

The convention proposed around forty additional sections that gave constitutional status and recognition to Native Hawaiian Rights including the establishment of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (“OHA”), the adoption of Hawaiian as an official state language, and amended the Constitution’s preamble to better reflect the custom and culture of the islands (Trask, supra at 310. Van Dyke 1998). 

The establishment of OHA was especially important because it advocates and formulates policy in favor of native Hawaiians and acts to the benefit of Native Hawaiian peoples (McPherson 1991).  Additionally, the establishment of OHA gave constitutional status and protection of customary Native Hawaiian practices (Sproat 2016). 


Jon M. Van Dyke, The Political Status of the Native Hawaiian People, 17 Yale L. & Pol’y Rev. 95 at 109 (1998)

Michael M. McPherson, Trustees of Hawaiian Affairs v. Yamasaki and the Native Hawaiian Claim: Too Much of Nothing, 21 Envtl. L. 453 at 472 (1991)

D. Kapua’ala Sproat, An Indigenous People’s Right to Environmental Self-determination: Native Hawaiians and the Struggle Against Climate Change Devastation, 35 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 157 at 184 (2016).


FRAGILE condition.

Yellow cover sheet.

18” x 24” on rough newsprint paper.

M. Grumbacher, Inc. 50 sheets.

Newspaper article clippings.


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Pacific Islands Committee Archive Finding Aid

Pacific Islands photo.jpg
The Pacific Islands Committee is one of several committees of the Judicial Council of the Ninth Circuit of the U.S. Courts.
The mission of the Committee is to keep abreast of developments and to make suggestions for improvement in the administration of justice in former and present Pacific territorial areas in which the U.S. Federal judiciary has continuing responsibilities or interests. The designated jurisdictions are: Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Territory of American Samoa, the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. 1
The bulk of the material in this collection is from the 1990s and the 2000s.  It includes reports, information and correspondence about the judiciary in the territories of concern to the PIC and records of specific cases reviewed by PIC member-judges. There are files for bi-annual meetings of the Committee in 1996, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2005.
Cases: American Samoa
Cases: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)
Cases: Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)
Cases: Guam
Cases: Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI)
Cases: Miscellaneous
National Judicial College
Pacific Institute of Judicial Administration
1 Pacific Islands Committee, Ninth Circuit Judicial Council. Charter, February 21, 2001. In “Agenda” and “Revised
  Agenda,” Pacific Islands Committee meeting, July 17, 2001, Big Sky, Montana

Samuel P. King Collection Finding Aid

KingCollection-FamilyPapers2 080916.jpg
Made possible with funding support from the Hawaii Council for the Humanities.

Scope and Content

The William S. Richardson School of Law Archive received donation of papers, scrapbooks, and memorabilia from the family of Samuel P. King in 2012. Two more boxes of Judge King’s Speeches were donated in 2013. The collection was archivally processed from 2011 to the present with the help of archivists Ellen Chapman, Kelsey Domingo, Ellen-Rae Cachola and librarian Vicki Szymczak. We offer special thanks to Hawaiʻi Council for the Humanities for their funding support.

The papers consist of a total of fifteen series that are further divided into subseries and sub-subseries that document Judge King’s personal, political, and military life. The original boxes were highly organized; boxes were labeled so that the various series were easy to identify.

The material was largely in good condition--only a small fraction of the material was highly acidic or damaged. Items that were in binders were removed. Staples, paper clips, and rubber bands also did minor damage to certain material.  Some were largely removed. Newspaper clippings were yellowed but in decent condition.

All of the papers are open for research, but some may contain information about individuals. Archives staff may redact documents out of concern for personal privacy.

King's Biographical Chronology

1916- Born in Hankow, China

1937 Received B.S. from Yale University

1940 Graduated with an L.L.B. from Yale Law School

1942 Started a private law practice in Washington DC

1942-1946 Joined US Navy as Japanese Language Interpreter

1944 Married Anne van Patten Grilk

1946-1961 Started private practice in Honolulu, Hawaii

1946-1967 Navy Reserves

1956-1961 District Magistrate for the City and County of Honolulu

1961-1970 Appointed by Governor William F. Quinn to First Circuit Court of Hawaii

1966-1970 Appointed Judge to the Family Court of Hawaii

1970 Ran as Republican candidate for Governor and lost to incumbent John A. Burns

1970-1972 King returns to private law practice

1972 Served as Judge on the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii

1974-1984 Serves as Chief Judge

1984-2010 Senior status

2006 Coauthored Broken Trust with Professor Randall Roth

December 7, 2010 passes away



Series 1: Family Papers Box 1, Box 2
This series consists of correspondences, receipts, legal documents, photographs, and other documents regarding the King family as well as information about King’s genealogy. Documents of interest are correspondences and receipts dating the late 19th and early 20th century created by members of the King family and correspondences of Samuel Wilder King. Inclusive dates are 1820s until 2003; bulk dates are from 1896-1899 and 1941-1942.

Series 2: Education, Box 1, Box 2
This series consists of documents revolved around King’s education. In the Punahou subseries, there are correspondences, photos, publications, and programs from various Punahou events along with newspaper articles regarding King. Both the Yale University and Yale Law School subseries contain correspondences and documents regarding Yale alumni and reunions. This series also contains King’s bar application.

Series 3: Personal Files, Box 1, Box 2, Box 3
This series contains correspondences, publications by Judge King, publications solely about Judge King, documents regarding Judge King’s biography and background, applications, Judge King’s resumes, awards, recognitions and general documents about his life.

Series 4: Board Games, Box 1, Box 2
This series is comprised of photos, correspondences, newspaper articles, notes, and general information regarding the board games Go and Chess. Judge King was an avid player of the Asian board game Go.  These documents reflect his passion and interest in the game. A majority of the material in this series are from the 1960s.

Series 5: Travel, Box 1
Judge King was well travelled and it is reflected in the documents he kept. Correspondences, receipts, itineraries, and travel brochures of both personal and business travel are included in this series. There are documents regarding travel to Europe, parts of Asia, Chicago, and Seattle.  A majority of the dates of this material are 1977-1981 and 2000-2004.

Series 6: Military Service, Box 1
Sam King joined the Military in 1942. He was a Japanese language translator for the United States Navy from 1942-1946, then in the Naval Reserve from 1946-1967. This series is comprised of memorandums, forms, and applications regarding King’s military service as well as documents regarding the attack on Pearl Harbor. Documents of interest include General Orders from the Military Government after the attack on Pearl Harbor and King’s reflection “Life after Boulder” detailing his time as a Japanese translator for the Navy. Bulk dates of this collection are 1941-1946.

Series 7: Events, Box 1, Box 2
Dates: 1963-2010
Judge King attended many events throughout his lifetime--awards ceremonies, presentations, lectures, seminars, conferences of the professional and personal capacity. The documents of this series are correspondences, invitations, programs, publications, and photos for various events Judge King attended. The series is organized by event name in alphabetical order.

Series 8: Governor Campaign, Box 1, Box 2
Dates: 1959-1970
Judge King ran for Governor as the Republican candidate with running mate Ralph Kiyosaki in the 1970 campaign. King ended up being unsuccessful in his bid for governor. Nonetheless, this material in this series remains a significant piece of Hawaii’s legal history because they demonstrate the politics of that era.  Correspondences between King and politicians or influential individuals, letters of support, newspaper articles regarding the campaign, and speeches given by Judge King are preserved in this series. Multiple copies of promotional materials such as bumper stickers, pamphlets, flyers, and cards are also collected. Certain artifacts relating to his campaign are housed in the Artifacts Series and include homemade campaign hats and political cartoons from the time period. Bulk dates of this collection are from 1969-1970.

Series 9: Judgeship, Box 1, Box 2, Box 3, Box 4, Box 5, Box 7, Box 8, Box 9
This collection includes information on Judge King's judicial career.  It includes items on his appointments and cases he presided over, administrative files, judicial selection/committees/ethics/statistics/family law, the Pacific Institute of Judicial Administration, Ninth Circuit Judicial Court documents, judgeship celebrations and ordained marriages.

Series 9.1: South Pacific Judicial Conference, Box 1, Box 2, Box 3
The South Pacific Judicial Conference (SPJC) was a series of conferences that sought to build a network of judges across the Pacific Islands in order to build stronger judicial systems within the region.

Series 10: Speeches, Box 1, Box 2
Dates: 1933-2010
Judge King gave many speeches and presentations throughout his life to organizations, societies, clubs, schools, and graduates. This series consists of transcripts of his speeches as well as correspondences, invitations, programs, or general information about the function he presented his speech at. The speeches are organized chronologically by year.

Series 11: Subject Files, Box 1, Box 2, Box 3
This series is composed of papers of the various organizations or institutions Judge King was a part of or interested in. Documents consist of correspondences, newsletters, and brochures.  The subseries is alphabetized according to the sub-subseries title.

Series 12: Research, Box 1 , Box 2, Box 3, Box 4, Box 5, Box 6
This series features materials that Samuel P. King researched, drafted or communicated with to co-author the book Broken Trust: Greed, Mismanagement & Political Manipulation at America's Largest Charitable Trust.  It also includes materials on the topics of Hawaiian Sovereignty, Mahele/Land Rights, Kaho'olawe, Kaho'olawe Court Cases and indigenous rights topics.

Series 13: Photographs, Box 1
In this series are various photographs from Judge King’s life. Of interest are a series of photos taken at the press conference where Judge King announced his run for Governor.

Series 14: Artifacts
This series contains artifacts found in Judge King's possession, such as judicial robes, awards, letters, gifts, certificates, political cartoons/drawings, resolutions, photos, campaign hats and scrap books.

Series 16: Media
This series consists of tape recordings, tape cassettes, DVD’s, film reels and audio reels that mention, document, or interview Judge King. There are also floppy disks that contain drafts of his writings.


W.S. Richardson School of Law Awards Finding Aid


This lists various awards and memorabilia received by W.S. Richardson faculty and students for their participation in competitions or merit of achievement.

W.S. Richardson School of Law Faculty Publications Archive Finding Aid


The William S. Richardson School of Law Faculty Publications Archive collects, organizes, and preserves material published by faculty members of the School, both past and present.

This guide lists all of the print faculty publications the Law Library currently holds in the Archive. Access to this collection is restricted to Law Library Staff only; additional copies are available in the Law Libraryʻs circulating collections.  

More recent publications are also available via the W.S. Richardson School of Law Faculty Publications on ScholarSpace or the Law Library’s databases.  

W.S. Richardson School of Law Historical Archives Finding Aid



The Law School History Archive preserves and makes available documents and ephemera relating to the history of the formation of the Law School as well as documents regarding the School’s activities throughout the years. In this collection you will find correspondences and memorandums that discuss the school’s formation; class entering photo guides and catalogs for every year beginning with the first entering year of 1973; various years of student directories, handbooks, and yearbooks; documents regarding the Law School’s milestone celebrations; brochures, pamphlets, and papers regarding students, faculty, and events of the Law School; and several years of the Law School’s reports. 

Series 1: Law Library


  • Dedication of Law Library
  • Student/Faculty Guide to Library Services
  • Law Library Policies and Guide
  • Library Strategic Plan
  • Memos
  • UH Foundation Documents
  • Microfiche
  • LLMC 
  • Law Library Photos

Series 2: Law School Photo Guides

Box 1: 1973-1989
Box 2: 1990-Present, Miscellaneous Photos

Storage Boxes:
Box 1: 1973 to 2001-2002
Box 2: 2002-2003 to 2004-2005
Box 3: 2005-2006 to 2010-2011
Box 4: 2010-2011 to 2012-2013
This series is arranged by chronologically by date of the photo guide. If available, extra copies are kept in storage boxes.

Series 3: Law School Catalogs

Box 1: 1973-47 to 1992-93
Box 2: 1993-94 to 2010-11

Digitized Law School Catalogs 1973-2011

This series is arranged chronologically by date of the catalog. Three copies of each catalog are collected. 

Series 4: Student Yearbooks, Directories, Handbooks


  • Student Yearbooks 1986-1997
  • Student Directories 1976, 1994-2006
  • Faculty Directory 2004
  • Student Handbook 1976-1985, 1996- 2000, 2008, 2013

This series is arranged by item type and then chronologically within each subseries. More accruals are expected.
Series 5: Law School Anniversary Celebrations


  • 25th Anniversary Celebration
  • 30th Anniversary Celebration
  • 35th Anniversary Celebration
  • 40th Anniversary Celebration

This collection is arranged according to the subseries mentioned above. Items are arranged chronologically by date where possible.
Series 6: Law School Programs


  • Environmental Law
  • Elder Law
  • Ka Huli Ao
  • Pacific-Asian Legal Studies
  • Asian Pacific Law and Policy Journal
  • Hawai’i Procurement Institute
  • Institute of Asian-Pacific Business Law
  • LLM
  • Law of the Sea Institute
  • Hawai’i Innocence Project
  • Dual Degree Program
  • J-Term
  • Summer Law
  • Ulu Lehua Program

This series is arranged by specific group, organization, or department of the Law School.

Series 7: Law School Events


  • Lectures
  • Receptions
  • Conferences/Symposiums
  • Opening Convocation
  • Fundraising
  • Commencement
  • Celebrations/Award Ceremonies
  • Miscellaneous
  • Student Events
  • Jurists in Residence

The Law School Events series is arranged according to event type, items are further arranged in chronological order.

Series 8: Law School Alumni


  • Alumni Directories
  • Publications about Alumni
  • Alumni Newsletters
  • Alumni Events
  • Alumni Association Documents

Series 9: Law Students


  • Pro Bono
  • Moot Court
  • Ete Bowl
  • Scholarships/Awards
  • Student Bar Association
  • Miscellaneous

Series 10: Law School General Files


  • Law School History Documents
  • Law School Memorandums
  • Law School Fundraising
  • Student Data
  • Reports

Items are arranged chronologically within each series. More accruals are expected for each subseries.

Series 11: Law School Publications


  • Law School Publications
  • Publications about the Law School
  • Newsletters
  • Articles
  • Miscellaneous
  • Publications about Law School Faculty

This collection in separated into the following series. Items are further grouped together in sub-subseries’ according to type of document: newsletter, newspaper article, etc. Items are arranged chronologically within their sub-subseries.

Series 12: Law School Administration, Faculty, and Staff


  • Professors
  • CJ Richardson
  • Deans
  • Strikes
  • Faculty Meetings

This series is comprised of publications regarding and recognitions of Law School Faculty Members, the newspaper articles and remembrances of William S. Richardson , correspondences and memorandums from each Dean that served the Law School and meeting minutes from Faculty Meetings.

Law School Photos

Photos we have date back to the 1970s when the Law School was located in several portable buildings down at the quarry. Photos are mostly of Law School events, many with unidentified people. The Law Library is currently working on identifying the photos we have with an interactive photo display at the back of the Library. Library guests may fill in a card with any information they have regarding the photo including event, year, and people pictured.